Back beyond the dark Ages, I feel sure that there were people who knew and understood the importance of breathing technique. That the knowledge of the control of breath has a therapeutic effect on people, must have been at one time common knowledge. Over the years, due to invasion, the imposition of other cultures and several different religious changes, this information became lost. In due time, the of care people's ill's, started to be given to individuals in the tribes and communities. These people would be regarded today as Shamans or Witch Doctors and these people held great sway with their populations. They combined their religion with their curing practices and in most cases, dominated their patients by fear.
As time progressed, in the West, we developed reliance on people who became known simply as Doctors. These people did not know, or want to know, about breathing technique but wanted to use the 'Scientific' methods, which involve the use of chemicals, bloodletting and many other horrific methods of 'cure'. Any dissension from their brutal methods, would not only be frowned on but also 'crushed', as any deviation would probably mean, being accused of Witchcraft. They were governed not only by their very limited scientific knowledge but also by the power of the Church. With breathing technique I dare say, that the religions of the West would have frowned on any such sort of practice and certainly in the Middle Ages such practices would have been regarded as sorcery, probably punishable by death. No small wonder, that very few traces of such techniques were left existing in Europe.
The Increase of Knowledge.
ﳰan>It wasn't until the beginning of the 20th century, that people in Europe were allowed to study other things that had been devised in other cultures. It wasn't until the end of the Second World War that this information started to be reintroduced to the West, by learning of the practices imported from the East. There were several methods, Yoga probably being the most famous. Since that time other practices, such as Buddhism, Zen Meditation and many other types have been introduced to the West. Most of these types involved the use of breathing with meditation, posture forms and religions, of various persuasions. All these forms have also been subjected to the strong forces of religion and the imposition of very strict and narrow boundaries.
The West analysed some of the systems on their 'scientific' basis and many eminent people, rapidly came to the opinion, that a great deal of the information was nonsense. This is quite understandable because many of the things, that were suggested, could have no scientific basis, at that time. Most of the advances in Education and Science had been made in Europe and the East was very much behind in knowledge in the areas of Science. The great many of the things that are suggested, by the systems, have an element of truth in them. The trouble is that these truths were bound up with superstitions and imposed religious thinking. It is no small wonder that the European Institutions rejected this information almost totally.
The Science Gap.
The problem with the scientific approach, is that the Science has to be able to analyse and quantify. The West's main scientific knowledge only covers that of the microscopic and the macroscopic. This means we supposedly know a lot about small things, down to atoms, and we know a lot about big things, such as engines, to the universe. What we don't know about is the part of science, which lies between these two extremes and it is this that makes analysing the information in the Eastern systems so difficult. ﳰan>
Going Forwards, Looking Back.
So in the past, breathing technique has been almost always tied together, or associated with, meditation and religion. Any involvement in breathing technique has usually been 'sold' on the basis of it being a mystical practice. This of course, is nonsense.
ﳰan>In the other sections there is information appertaining only to breathing technique. All meditation, religion, brain washing and trickery are removed from these techniques, leaving the study of breathing technique to be practised on it's own. These techniques are practised, so that the individual can, largely, do away with the reliance on all parts of the medical profession, be they conventional or unconventional medicine. They are designed to give each practicer the ability to 'Self Heal'.